The Respiratory Toxicology Program utilizes state-of-the-art in vitro and ex-vivo models of pulmonary (and related) tissue. Models available offer a range of testing types, including screening and high content analysis for complex events. The choice of cell line (including reporter cells), primary cells, or 3-dimensional tissues depends on the throughput desired and level of assessment needed. Consider our oral cavity tissues to also model ingestion exposures. Let IIVS guide you to the model best for you!